Rule of regulation dangers turning into `Rule of Lawlessness’
UNITED NATIONS (AP) — Secretary-Basic Antonio Guterres warned Thursday that the rule of regulation is at grave threat of turning into “the Rule of Lawlessness,” pointing to a number of illegal actions throughout the globe from Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and coups in Africa’s Sahel area to North Korea’s unlawful nuclear weapons program and Afghanistan’s unprecedented assaults on girls’s and women’ rights.
The U.N. chief additionally cited as examples the breakdown of the rule of regulation in Myanmar because the army ousted the elected authorities of Aung San Suu Kyi in February 2021 resulting in “a cycle of violence, repression and extreme human rights violations,” and the weak rule of regulation in Haiti which is beset by widespread rights abuses, hovering crime charges, corruption and transnational crime.
“From the smallest village to the worldwide stage, the rule of regulation is all that stands between peace and stability and a brutal wrestle for energy and sources,” Guterres instructed the U.N. Safety Council.
The secretary-general lamented, nonetheless, that in each area of the world civilians are struggling the results of conflicts, killings, rising poverty and starvation whereas international locations proceed “to flout worldwide regulation with impunity” together with by illegally utilizing pressure and growing nuclear weapons.
For instance of the rule of regulation being violated, Guterres pointed first to Russia’s Feb. 24 invasion of Ukraine.
The Ukraine battle has created “a humanitarian and human rights disaster, traumatized a technology of youngsters, and accelerated the worldwide meals and power disaster,” the secretary-general mentioned. And referring to Russia’s annexation of 4 areas in Ukraine in late September in addition to its 2014 annexation of Crimea, he mentioned any annexation ensuing from the risk or use of pressure is a violation of the U.N. Constitution and worldwide regulation.
The U.N. chief then condemned illegal killings and extremist acts towards Palestinians and Israelis in 2022, and mentioned Israel’s enlargement of settlements — which the U.N. has repeatedly denounced as a violation of worldwide regulation — “are driving anger and despair.”
Guterres mentioned he’s “very involved” by unilateral initiatives in latest days by Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu’s new conservative authorities, which is implementing an ultra-nationalist agenda that might threaten a two-state resolution.
“The rule of regulation is on the coronary heart of reaching a simply and complete peace, primarily based on a two-state resolution, in keeping with U.N. resolutions, worldwide regulation and former agreements,” he confused.
Extra broadly, the secretary-general mentioned the rule of regulation is the inspiration of the United Nations, and key to its efforts to seek out peaceable options to those conflicts and different crises.
He urged all 193 U.N. member states to uphold “the imaginative and prescient and the values” of the U.N. Constitution and the Common Declaration of Human Rights, to abide by worldwide regulation, and to settle disputes peacefully.
The council assembly on strengthening the rule of regulation, presided over by Japan’s International Minister Yoshimasa Hayashi whose nation selected the subject, sparked clashes, particularly over the battle in Ukraine, between Russia and Western supporters of the Kyiv authorities. Practically 80 international locations spoke.
“Right this moment, we’re beset by the battle of aggression in Europe and conflicts, violence, terrorism and geopolitical tensions, starting from Africa to the Center East to Latin America to Asia Pacific,” Hayashi mentioned.
“We, the member states, ought to unite for the rule of regulation and cooperate with one another to face up towards violations of the Constitution similar to aggression” and “the acquisition of territory by pressure from a member state,” he mentioned in a transparent reference to the Russian invasion of Ukraine.
U.S. Ambassador Linda Thomas-Greenfield instructed the council “an ironclad dedication” for the U.S. and a elementary precept of the United Nations is that “no particular person, no prime minister or president, no state or nation is above the regulation.”
Regardless of “unparalleled” developments towards peace and prosperity because the U.N. was based on the ashes of World Battle II, she mentioned some international locations are failing of their dedication to the U.N. Constitution’s ideas — “probably the most obvious instance” Russia — or are “enabling rule breakers to hold on with out accountability.”
Thomas-Greenfield known as for many who don’t respect sovereignty, territorial integrity, human rights and elementary freedoms to be held accountable, naming Russia, North Korea, Iran, Syria, Myanmar, Belarus, Cuba, Sudan and Afghanistan’s Taliban rulers.
Russia’s U.N. Ambassador Vassily Nebenzia accused the West of utilizing the council assembly “to promote the narrative in regards to the obvious accountability of Russia for inflicting threats to worldwide peace and safety, ignoring, nonetheless, their very own egregious violations.”
He mentioned that earlier than final Feb. 24, “worldwide regulation was repeatedly flouted,” claiming the roots of the present state of affairs “lie within the astonishing want of Washington to play a job of world policeman.”
Nebenzia pointed to quite a few cases together with NATO bombings in former Yugoslavia and Libya, the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq “utilizing a false pretext” of the presence of weapons of mass destruction, of the “battle on terror” in Afghanistan — and he blamed the West for what Moscow calls the present “particular army operation.”
Ukraine’s First Deputy International Minister Emine Dzhaparova mentioned “it’s very black and white” that Russia is accountable for the crimes in Ukraine and needs to be held accountable.”
She additionally warned the Safety Council: “The regulation of pressure that Russia has been barbarically training right now over Ukraine provides a really clear sign to everybody on this room: Nobody is safe any extra.”
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