Kenya nation profile
Located on the equator on Africa’s east coast, Kenya has been described as “the cradle of humanity”.
Within the Nice Rift Valley palaeontologists have found among the earliest proof of man’s ancestors.
Within the current day, Kenya’s ethnic variety has produced a vibrant tradition however can also be a supply of battle.
The Islamist militant Al-Shabab motion, energetic in Somalia, has additionally been launching a rising variety of assaults in Kenya, together with the 2013 Westgate shopping center in Nairobi and the 2015 assault on Garissa College School in northwest Kenya.
Different urgent challenges embrace excessive unemployment, crime and poverty. Droughts regularly put hundreds of thousands of individuals in danger.
Inhabitants: 55 million
Space: 580,367 sq km
Languages: Swahili, English
Life expectancy: 64 years (males) 69 years (girls)
President: William Ruto
In August 2022, Deputy President William Ruto narrowly gained the presidential election. He took 50.5% of the vote. His most important rival, Raila Odinga, received 48.8% of the vote
Incumbent President Uhuru Kenyatta just isn’t eligible for a 3rd time period below the Kenyan structure.
On 22 August, Odinga filed a petition on the Kenyan Supreme court docket difficult the outcomes, however on 5 September, the Kenyan Supreme Court docket rejected the problem and upheld Ruto’s victory.
William Ruto had a childhood that epitomises the lives of many poor Kenyans. He went to main faculty barefoot, sporting his first pair of footwear on the age of 15.
Mr Ruto ran his marketing campaign below the banner of Kenya Kwanza, Swahili for Kenya First, with a promise to develop the financial system.
Kenya’s official unemployment fee for 18 to 34-year-olds is almost 40%, and the financial system just isn’t creating sufficient jobs to soak up the 800,000 younger individuals becoming a member of the workforce yearly.
Ruto has promised a bottom-up method to the financial system, saying it’ll profit the poor who’re bearing the brunt of the price of dwelling disaster that has hit the world following the coronavirus pandemic and the battle in Ukraine.
A handful of main industrial corporations dominates the media business, working alongside state-owned Kenya Broadcasting Company (KBC).
TV is the principle information supply in city areas. Web use is excessive by regional requirements, pushed by means of cell units.
The aggressive press scene is probably the most subtle within the area. Newspapers are free to criticise politicians and the federal government.
Some key dates in Kenya’s historical past:
c 3.3 million BC – Proof of among the earliest human instruments have been present in Kenya, suggesting that it was the cradle of humanity from which descendants moved out to populate the world.
600 – Arabs start settling coastal areas, over the centuries creating buying and selling stations which facilitated contact with the Arab world, Persia and India.
1895 – Formation of British East African Protectorate.
1920 – East African Protectorate turns into crown colony of Kenya – administered by a British governor.
1944 – Kenyan African Union (KAU) shaped to marketing campaign for African independence. First African appointment to legislative council.
1947 – Jomo Kenyatta turns into YOU chief.
1952-53 – Secret Kikuyu guerrilla group often called Mau Mau begins violent marketing campaign towards white settlers. State of emergency declared, Jomo Kenyatta jailed, KAU banned.
1956 – Mau Mau revolt put down.
1960 – State of emergency ends. Britain pronounces plans to organize Kenya for majority African rule.
1961 – Jomo Kenyatta free of two years of home arrest.
1963 – Kenya features independence, with Mr Kenyatta as prime minister.
1964 – Republic of Kenya shaped. Jomo Kenyatta turned president and Oginga Odinga turned vice-president.
1978 – Kenyatta dies in workplace, succeeded by Daniel arap Moi.
1991 – Kenya strikes to a multiparty political system after 26 years of single-party rule.
1998 – Al-Qaeda operatives bomb the US embassy in Nairobi, killing 224 individuals and injuring hundreds.
2002 – Al-Qaeda assault on Israeli-owned lodge close to Mombasa kills 10 Kenyans and injures three Israelis. A simultaneous rocket assault on an Israeli airliner fails.
2002 – Mwai Kibaki wins a landslide victory, ending Daniel arap Moi’s 24-year rule
2007 – Disputed normal elections are adopted by lethal violence.
2009 – Kenya says that a minimum of 10 million individuals, or one third of the inhabitants, are in want of meals support. The federal government mobilises the army to distribute meals, water and medicines to areas hit hardest by drought.
2010 – Kenya joins its neighbours in forming a brand new East African Frequent Market, meant to combine the area’s financial system.
2010 – New structure designed to restrict the powers of the president and devolve energy to the areas accredited in referendum.
2011 – Kenya intervenes in battle in Somalia and subsequently suffers a number of obvious reprisal assaults, together with the 2013 bloodbath at Westgate shopping center in Nairobi and the 2015 assault on Garissa College School within the northwest.
2014 – At the least 48 individuals die after al-Shabab militants assault resorts and a police station in Mpeketoni, close to the island resort of Lamu.
2017 – A multi-billion-dollar railway line linking Mombasa to the capital Nairobi is opened, it’s Kenya’s largest infrastructure undertaking since independence.
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