Burundi nation profile
Burundi, one of many world’s poorest nations, is struggling to emerge from a 12-year, ethnic-based civil warfare.
Since independence in 1962 it has been stricken by pressure between the usually-dominant Tutsi minority and the Hutu majority.
A civil warfare, sparked off in 1994 made Burundi the scene of one in every of Africa’s most intractable conflicts.
Capital: Gitgea (political), Bujumbura (financial)
Space: 27,834 sq km
Inhabitants: 11.8 million
Languages: Kirundi, French, English
Life expectancy: 62 years (women and men)
President: Evariste I am glad
Evariste Ndayishimiye took workplace in June 2020, per week after President Pierre Nkurunziza died all of a sudden within the midst of the Covid-19 pandemic.
Mr Ndayishimiye had gained the Could presidential election, and was as a result of take workplace in August.
The opposition condemned the election, wherein Mr Ndayishimiye had the backing of his fellow former Hutu insurgent chief Pierre Nkurunziza, as rigged. Mr Nkurunziza was the primary president to be chosen in democratic elections for the reason that begin of Burundi’s civil warfare in 1994.
State-run retailers dominate the media. Journalists function underneath strict press legal guidelines and face harassment.
Many privately-owned radio stations had been shut after a 2015 coup try and most stay closed. Native relays of the BBC and Voice of America have been suspended.
Some key dates in Burundi’s historical past:
1890 – The kingdoms of Urundi and neighboring Rwanda had been integrated into German East Africa.
1916 – Belgian military occupies the world, which later turns into a Belgian protectorate.
1962 – Urundi is separated from Ruanda-Urundi and turns into impartial.
1993-94 – Ethnic battle escalates into full-scale civil warfare.
2006 – The final main insurgent group, the Forces for Nationwide Liberation (FNL), and the federal government signal a ceasefire.
2015 – Unrest sparked by President Nkurunziza’s plans to face for third time period.
2020 – Former Hutu insurgent chief Evariste Ndayishimiye takes workplace after President Nkurunziza dies through the Covid-19 pandemic.
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